Deal structure in venture capital refers to the terms and conditions of a venture capital investment, including the amount of money invested, the ownership percentage and voting rights, the rights and preferences of the investors, and the exit strategy.
There are several types of deal structures that venture capital firms may use, including:
Equity Investment: A venture capital firm provides funding to a startup in exchange for ownership in the form of shares of stock. The VC firm will have certain rights such as voting rights and the right to participate in the decision-making process of the company.
Convertible debt: A venture capital firm loans money to a startup, with the understanding that the debt will convert into equity at a later date, usually at the next financing round or at an agreed upon valuation.
Royalty Investment: A venture capital firm provides funding to a startup in exchange for a percentage of the company's revenues.
SAFE: Simple Agreement for Future Equity: It's a contract between an investor and a company that gives the investor the right to purchase shares in the company at a later date, usually at a discounted price or at a valuation cap.
Participating Preferred Stock: A type of preferred stock that gives the holder the right to participate in the distribution of profits along with the common stock holders.
The deal structure is often negotiated between the venture capital firm and the startup, and is tailored to the specific needs and goals of both parties. It is important to consult with legal and financial experts to ensure that the deal structure is fair and reasonable for both parties.